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Master of Science/Doctor of Philosophy in Agricultural Education

Published Date

General Info


Agricultural Education is a teacher education in agriculture program aimed to prepare teachers and education development practitioners. As a research specialization stream, the program emphasizes the historical and critical analysis of managerial, curriculum, instructional strategies and techniques of formal educational systems.  Graduates under the specialization stream are prepared as leaders in the scientific investigation of educational phenomena that will evolve effective ways of managing, teaching and learning agriculture and its allied fields in order to improve the productivity of its practitioners and the institutions they represent.

Program Requirements

MS in Agricultural Education (minimum of 37-38 units)

  1. Core courses (minimum of 12-13 units)
  2. Research specialization courses (minimum of 10 units)
  3. Cognate courses (minimum of 9 units)
  4. Thesis (6 units)

PhD in Agricultural Education (minimum of 45-48 units)

  1. Core courses (minimum of 14 units)
  2. Research specialization courses (minimum of 10 units)
  3. Cognate courses (minimum of 9 units for single cognate and 12 units for double cognates, with a minimum of 6 units taken from each cognate field)
  4. Dissertation (12 units)


Core Courses


CED 232 Advanced Social Psychology 3  
CED 227 Administrative Theory   3
CED 220 Sociology of Education 3  
CED 301 Philosophical Ideas in Development   3
CED 365 Rural Institutions   3
AERS 281 Theory Construction   3
AERS 282 Social Research Design(1) 3  
STAT 166
CED 291
Statistics for the Social Sciences(2)

Special Topics


TOTAL 12-13 14
1.  Research Specialization Courses(3) 10 10
2.  Cognates(4) 9 9-12
3.  Thesis/Dissertation(5) 6 12
TOTAL NO. OF UNITS 37-38 45-48


1 Should be taken by a PhD student if he/she has not taken it in his/her MS degree.
2 Should be taken by a PhD student if he/she has not taken it in his/her MS degree. If CED 291 is chosen by PhD student instead of STAT 166, Qualitative Research Methods should be taken.
3 Courses to be prescribed by a Student's Graduate Committee covering his/her research specialization stream with a minimum of 10 units. This includes 1 unit Graduate Seminar, CED 299.
4 For MS, a minimum of 9 units. For PhD, 9 units for single cognate and 12 units for double cognates (6 units/cognate).
5 Considered as the research specialization area supporting the major/cognate courses.

Specialization Courses

List of Possible Courses for the Research Specialization Stream

(Minimum of 10 units)
(Minimum of 10 units)
Required: (7 units) Required: (7 units)
CED 201* Philosophy of Education (3 units) CED 217 Educational Planning (3 units)
CED 211* Advanced Educational Psychology (3 units) CED 224 Economics of Education (3 units)
CED 299 Graduate Seminar (1 unit) CED 299 Graduate Seminar (1 unit)
Electives: (3 units)** Electives: (3 units)**
CED 210 Managing Education for Community Welfare (3 units) CED 215 Leadership for Educational and Community Productivity (3 units)
CED 213 Instructional Systems Design and Management (3 units) CED 226 Educational Evaluation (3 units)
CED 222 Curriculum Development (3 units) CED 242 Adult Education (3 units)
AGRI 121** Introduction to Ecological Agriculture (3 units) AGRI 221** Advanced Ecological Agriculture (3 units)


* Required for PhD students if not taken at the MS level.
** To be prescribed if student lacks background in Agriculture.

Course Description


CED 220. Sociology of Education (3). Analysis of education as a factor in social change; the sociological significance of schools and other social institutions in rural development; social factors in the learning process. 3 hrs (class) PR. COI, (2)

CED 227. Administrative Theory (3). Management theories and concepts as they relate to organizations with emphasis on educational institutions; forces in the organization and the external environment and their influence on managerial roles, functions, and management policies. 3 hrs (class). PR. COI, (2)

CED 232. Advanced Social Psychology (3). Principles of Social Psychology and analysis of empirical studies and their implications. 3 hrs (class) PR. COI, (2)

CED 291. Special Topics (2). May be taken twice provided that the total number of units to be credited to the student’s program will not exceed 4 units. 2 hrs (class) PR. COI, (1,2)

CED 301. Philosophical Ideas in Development (3). Philosophical traditions in development and conceptual frameworks for analyzing contemporary development programs. 3 hrs (class). PR. COI, (1)

CED 365. Rural Institutions (3). Identification, description, and analysis of changes taking place in rural institutions, which relate to the economic, social, political, and cultural life. 3 hrs (class). PR. AERS 261 or AERS 265 or COI, (1,2)

AERS 281. Theory Construction (3). Postulates in science, structure, functions and formats of theory; concept formation and definitions; origination of hypotheses; and introduction to the epistemological foundation of sociological theories. 3 hrs (class). PR. COI, (1,2)

AERS 282. Social Research Design (3). Methods of social research with emphasis on the major steps in the design and conduct of social research from problem definition to analysis, interpretation and write-up of research report. 3 hrs (class) PR. COI, (1,2)

STAT 166. Statistics for the Social Sciences(3). Test of hypothesis; non-parametric tests; analysis of one-way and two-way classification data; measures of association and relationships; introduction to multivariate techniques, factor analysis and time series analysis; sampling. 5 hrs (2 class, 3 lab). PR. Stat 1, (1,2)


Required Courses

CED 201. Philosophy of Education (3). Significant theories and principles of education and their implications for development education in the Philippines. 3 hrs (class) PR. COI, (1,2)

CED 211. Advanced Educational Psychology (3). Psychological theories and principles underlying the learning processes. 3 hrs (class) PR. COI, (1)

CED 217. Educational Planning (3). Concepts, procedures and tools in developing plans at various levels and types of educational systems. 3 hrs (class) PR. COI, (2)

CED 224. Economics of Education (3). Application of economics in the analysis of problems and issues in financing education, both formal and non-formal, particularly in low-income countries. 3 hrs (class). PR. COI, (1)

CED 299. Graduate Seminar (1). PR. COI, (1,2)

Elective Courses

CED 210. Managing Education for Community Welfare (3). Management principles and tools for productivity and quality improvement in education within the community. 3 hrs (class). PR. COI, (1,2)

CED 213. Instructional Systems Design and Management (3). Principles, approaches and processes in designing and managing instructional systems. 3 hrs (class) PR. COI, (2)

CED 215. Leadership for Educational and Community Productivity (3). Leadership behavior, theories, qualities, approaches, skills, and techniques. 3 hrs (class). PR. COI, (2)

CED 226. Educational Evaluation (3). Measurement approaches, evaluation techniques, models and processes in determining the effectiveness of formal education training programs. 3 hrs (class). PR. COI, (1)

CED 242. Adult Education (3). A course to acquaint prospective teachers, agricultural leaders, and community workers regarding ways of developing programs for young and adult farmers, and effective methods of teaching adults. 3 hrs (class). PR. COI, (1)

AGRI 121. Introduction to Ecological Agriculture (3). Principles and practices of ecological agriculture. 3 hrs (class). PR. CRSC 2 or COI, (1, 2)

AGRI 221. Advanced Ecological Agriculture (3).Dynamics of agroecosystem in relation to ecological agriculture practices, issues and concerns. 3 hrs (class). PR. AGRI 121 or COI, (2)

Contact Info

Institute for Governance and Rural Development
College of Public Affairs and Development, University of the Philippines Los Baños
College, Laguna 4031 Philippines

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Phone/Fax : (+63 49) 536-0407/3382

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